Oligosaccharyltransferases (OSTs) N-glycosylate proteins by transferring oligosaccharides from lipid-linked oligosaccharides (LLOs) to asparaginyl residues of Asn-Xaa-Ser/Thr acceptor sequons. Mammals have OST isoforms with STT3A or STT3B catalytic subunits for cotranslational or posttranslational N-glycosylation, respectively. OSTs also hydrolyze LLOs, forming free oligosaccharides (fOSs). It has been unclear whether hydrolysis is due to one or both OSTs, segregated from N-glycosylation, and/or regulated. Transfer and hydrolysis were assayed in permeabilized HEK293 kidney and Huh7.5.1 liver cells lacking STT3A or STT3B. Transfer by both STT3A-OST and STT3B-OST with synthetic acceptors was robust. LLO hydrolysis by STT3B-OST was readily detected and surprisingly modulated:Without acceptors, STT3B-OST hydrolyzed Glc3Man9Glc-NAc2-LLO but not Man9GlcNAc2-LLO, yet it hydrolyzed both LLOs with acceptors present. In contrast, LLO hydrolysis by STT3A-OST was negligible. STT3A-OST however may be regulatory, because it suppressed STT3B-OST-dependent fOSs. TREX1, a negative innate immunity factor that diminishes immunogenic fOSs derived from LLOs, acted through STT3B-OST as well. In summary, only STT3BOST hydrolyzes LLOs, depending upon LLO quality and acceptor site occupancy. TREX1 and STT3A suppress STT3B-OST-dependent fOSs. Without strict kinetic limitations during posttranslational N-glycosylation, STT3B-OST can thus moonlight for LLO hydrolysis. In contrast, the STT3A-OST/translocon complex preserves LLOs for temporally fastidious cotranslational N-glycosylation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 18 2018|
ASJC Scopus subject areas