Objective: To describe outcomes of patients with giant prolactinoma (≥4 cm) and identify predictors of therapeutic response. Methods: In this retrospective study, complete biochemical and structural response were defined as prolactin (PRL) ≤25 ng/mL and no visible tumor at follow-up, respectively. Results: Giant prolactinoma (median size, 4.8 cm [range, 4 to 9.8 cm]; median PRL, 5,927 ng/mL [range, 120 to 100,000 ng/mL]) was diagnosed in 71 patients. Treatments included: Dopamine agonists (DAs) (n = 70, 99%), surgery (n = 30, 42%), radiation (n = 10, 14%), and somatostatin analogs (n = 2, 3%). Patients treated with DA monotherapy were older compared with those who received subsequent therapies (47 years vs. 28 years; P = .003) but had similar initial PRL and tumor size. Surgically managed patients were younger compared with the nonsurgical group (35 years vs. 46 years; P = .02) and had lower initial PRL (3,121 ng/mL vs. 6,920 ng/mL; P = .02), yet they had similar tumor response. Hypopituitarism was more common following surgery compared to medical management: Adrenal insufficiency (69% vs. 27%; P<.001), hypothyroidism (67% vs. 38%; P = .02), growth hormone deficiency (24% vs. 6%; P = .04), and diabetes insipidus (17% vs. 3%; P = .04). Therapeutic response did not correlate with sex, age, initial PRL, tumor size, or first-line therapy mode. At median follow-up of 4.8 years, the median PRL was 18.3 ng/mL (range, 0.6 to 12,680 ng/mL), and final volume was 0.9 cm3 (range, 0 to 43.0 cm3). In those with available data, 36/65 (55%) patients achieved PRL normalization, and 16/61 (26%) had no visible tumor at follow-up. Conclusion: Most patients with giant prolactinoma have excellent response to DA. Sex, age, initial PRL, and tumor size do not predict therapeutic response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism