Management of adolescent varicocele

Sabine Zundel, Philipp Szavay, Irina Stanasel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Varicocele is defined as an abnormal dilation and tortuosity of the internal spermatic veins found within the pampiniform plexus. It is a common finding in adolescents and adult men alike, however its diagnosis in the adolescent population poses different dilemmas in regard to indications for treatment than in adults. Failed Paternity is a clear-cut indication for repair in adult men attempting to father children. In adolescents, the physicians, family and patients must consider potential for future fertility problems which may or may not actually become of concern. Assessing the degree of negative effect of the varicocele on an adolescent's testicular health can also be difficult as teenagers typically are not asked to provide semen for analysis and thus surrogate markers for testicular health such as testicular size differentials must be used. Treatment options for the adolescent varicocele are similar to options in adult populations. While risks and benefits of various techniques can be considered, the gold standard for varicocele repair in adolescents has not been clearly defined. We aim to discuss diagnosis of varicocele, considerations for initiating treatment of varicocele in the adolescent, and techniques for management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151084
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Adolescent
  • Lymph-sparing
  • Testis
  • Varicocele
  • Varicocelectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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