Management of Hypertension in Primary Care Safety-Net Clinics in the United States: A Comparison of Community Health Centers and Private Physicians' Offices

Valy Fontil, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Oanh Kieu Nguyen, David Guzman, Lauren Elizabeth Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine adherence to guideline-concordant hypertension treatment practices at community health centers (CHCs) compared with private physicians' offices. Data Sources/Study Setting: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2010. Study Design: We examined four guideline-concordant treatment practices: initiation of a new medication for uncontrolled hypertension, use of fixed-dose combination drugs for patients on multiple antihypertensive medications, use of thiazide diuretics among patients with uncontrolled hypertension on ≥3 antihypertensive medications, and use of aldosterone antagonist for resistant hypertension, comparing use at CHC with private physicians' offices overall and by payer group. Data Collection/Extraction Methods: We identified visits of nonpregnant adults with hypertension at CHCs and private physicians' offices. Principal Findings: Medicaid patients at CHCs were as likely as privately insured individuals to receive a new medication for uncontrolled hypertension (AOR 1.0, 95 percent CI: 0.6-1.9), whereas Medicaid patients at private physicians' offices were less likely to receive a new medication (AOR 0.3, 95 percent CI: 0.1-0.6). Use of fixed-dose combination drugs was lower at CHCs (AOR 0.6, 95 percent CI: 0.4-0.9). Thiazide use for patients was similar in both settings (AOR 0.8, 95 percent CI: 0.4-1.7). Use of aldosterone antagonists was too rare (2.1 percent at CHCs and 1.5 percent at private clinics) to allow for statistically reliable comparisons. Conclusions: Increasing physician use of fixed-dose combination drugs may be particularly helpful in improving hypertension control at CHCs where there are higher rates of uncontrolled hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHealth Services Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Safety-net Providers
Community Health Centers
Physicians' Offices
Primary Health Care
Hypertension
Drug Combinations
Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists
Medicaid
Antihypertensive Agents
Health Care Surveys
Thiazides
Guideline Adherence
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Information Storage and Retrieval
Guidelines
Physicians

Keywords

  • Clinical inertia
  • Community health centers
  • Fixed-dose combination
  • Hypertension
  • Single-pill combination
  • Treatment intensification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

Cite this

Management of Hypertension in Primary Care Safety-Net Clinics in the United States : A Comparison of Community Health Centers and Private Physicians' Offices. / Fontil, Valy; Bibbins-Domingo, Kirsten; Nguyen, Oanh Kieu; Guzman, David; Goldman, Lauren Elizabeth.

In: Health Services Research, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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