Managing agitation and difficult behavior in dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Managing agitation and difficult behavior in dementia can be the most challenging aspect of dementia care, as behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia cause premature institutionalization, increase costs of care, and result in significant loss of quality of life for the patient and the family caregivers. Nonpharmacologic interventions are important first-line steps in dealing with milder symptoms, whereas medication is clearly indicated in conjunction with nonpharmacologic interventions for more severe and problematic behaviors. Various classes of medication, including cholinesterase inhibitors, antidepressants, atypical antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, and anxiolytics represent the reference drugs for treating agitation. Nonetheless, there is no currently available ideal pharmacotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-82
Number of pages14
JournalClinics in Geriatric Medicine
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

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Dementia
Second-Generation Antidepressive Agents
Institutionalization
Behavioral Symptoms
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Anticonvulsants
Caregivers
Antipsychotic Agents
Quality of Life
Psychology
Costs and Cost Analysis
Drug Therapy
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Managing agitation and difficult behavior in dementia. / Gray, Kevin F.

In: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 1, 02.2004, p. 69-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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