Eukaryotic gene transcription is regulated by a large cohort of chromatin associated proteins, and inferring their differential binding sites between cellular contexts requires a rigorous comparison of the corresponding ChIP-seq data. We present MAnorm2, a new computational tool for quantitatively comparing groups of ChIP-seq samples. MAnorm2 uses a hierarchical strategy for ChIP-seq data normalization and performs differential analysis by assessing within-group variability of ChIP-seq signals under an empirical Bayes framework. In this framework, MAnorm2 considers the abundance of differential ChIP-seq signals between groups of samples and the possibility of different within-group variability between groups. When samples in each group are biological replicates, MAnorm2 can reliably identify differential binding events even between highly similar cellular contexts. Using a number of real ChIP-seq data sets, we observed that MAnorm2 clearly outperformed existing tools for differential ChIP-seq analysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)