Markers of inflammation in bacterial diarrhea among travelers, with a focus on enteroaggregative Escherichia coli pathogenicity

David E. Greenberg, Zhi Dong Jiang, Robert Steffen, Mangala P. Verenker, Herbert L. DuPont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intestinal inflammatory response of traveler's diarrhea acquired in Goa, India, and Guadalajara, Mexico, was studied. Fecal lactoferrin was found in stool samples in which enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC), enterotoxigenic E. coli, or Salmonella or Shigella species were isolated, with Shigella-positive cases showing the highest level. Samples from cases of Shigella-associated diarrhea had the highest concentrations of fecal cytokines. Travelers to India who had EAEC-associated diarrhea showed elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-8 (median, 341.15 pg/mL) and IL-1β (median, 749.90 pg/mL). Although 15 travelers to Mexico who had EAEC-associated diarrhea had a median concentration of 0 pg/mL for both IL-8 and IL-1β, 2 had high levels of IL-8 (1853 and 11,786 pg/mL), and 5 showed elevated levels of IL-1β (1-1240 pg/mL). Samples from patients in India who had pathogen-negative diarrhea or from patients in Mexico who had asymptomatic EAEC infection were negative for cytokines. Bacterial pathogens causing traveler's diarrhea commonly produce intestinal inflammation, although a subset of patients with EAEC-associated diarrhea fail to develop an inflammatory response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-949
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume185
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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