Maturation of proximal straight tubule NaCl transport: Role of thyroid hormone

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have recently demonstrated that the rates of both active and passive proximal straight tubule (PST) NaCl transport in neonatal rabbits were less than in adults. In this segment NaCl entry across the apical membrane is via parallel Na+/H+ and Cl-/OH- exchangers, which increases in activity with maturation. The present in vitro microperfusion study examined whether thyroid hormone plays a role in the maturational increase in PST NaCl transport. Neonatal and adult PST were perfused with a high-chloride-low bicarbonate solution without organic solutes, simulating late proximal tubule fluid. Thyroid hormone-treated neonates had a higher rate of PST total and passive NaCl transport. In 8-wk-old animals that were hypothyroid since birth, the maturational increase in total and passive NaCl transport was prevented. Thyroid treatment for 4 days in hypothyroid 8-wk-old rabbits increased the rate of both total and passive NaCl transport. The maturational increases in both Na+/H+ and Cl-/OHexchange activities were blunted in 8- wk-old hypothyroid animals and increased to control levels with thyroid treatment. This study demonstrates that thyroid hormone is a factor responsible for the maturational increase in both active and passive PST NaCl transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F596-F602
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume278
Issue number4 47-4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2000

Keywords

  • Chloride/base exchanger
  • Kidney development
  • Passive transport
  • Sodium/hydrogen antiporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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