OBJECTIVE. Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) encompass a spectrum of anomalies that result from genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and molecular signal aberrations at key stages of urinary tract development. CAKUT can be seen incidentally on cross-sectional imaging of the abdomen or can be a cause for adult-onset chronic kidney disease, posing new challenges for nephrologists, urologists, and radiologists. CONCLUSION. Awareness of CAKUT and familiarity with their imaging findings permit optimal patient management and thorough workup to prevent hypertension and progression from CAKUT to renal failure. The purpose of this article is to review the cross-sectional imaging findings of CAKUT that may present in adulthood.
- Congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract
- CT urogram
- Duplex collecting system
- MR urogram
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging