MDCT angiography of acute chest pain: Evaluation of ECG-gated and nongated techniques

Vassilios D. Raptopoulos, Phillip B. Boiselle, Nikolaos Michailidis, Jason Handwerker, Adeel Sabir, Jonathan A. Edlow, Ivan Pedrosa, Jonathan B. Kruskal

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29 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to compare MDCT angiography protocols used in patients with acute chest pain caused by vascular, nonvascular, and cardiac abnormalities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. In four groups of 20 patients with chest pain each, four MDCT protocols were used based on monitoring vascular attenuation: pulmonary embolism (150 H at pulmonary artery), aortic dissection (200 H at aortic arch), chest pain (200 H at pulmonary artery), and chest pain with ECG gating (150 H at pulmonary artery). Vascular enhancement was assessed by attenuation measurements taken from locations in the pulmonary artery (n = 3) and thoracic aorta (n = 4). The appearance of the coronary artery in regard to opacification and motion was assessed on a scale of 1 to 5 (best). RESULTS. The mean pulmonary artery and aorta attenuation (372 H and 352 H, respectively) was significantly higher (p < 0.005, Student's t test) and the number of vessel attenuation points measuring less than 200 H (1/140) was significantly smaller (p < 0.001, chi-square test) in the chest pain compared with the dissection (318 H, 310 H; 16/140), gated chest pain (304 H, 286 H; 17/14), and pulmonary embolism (302 H, 220 H; 28/140) groups. The median coronary artery visualization score was 4; the proximal regions received a significantly (p < 0.005, Mann-Whitney test) higher grade compared with the middle and distal regions (medians, 5, 4, and 2, respectively). Artifacts were noted on the gated scans. CONCLUSION. The chest pain protocol can be used to assess both the pulmonary arteries and the thoracic aorta, whereas the ECG-gating protocol appears to be a promising adjunct for a comprehensive single chest pain protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S346-S356
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume186
Issue number6 SUPPL. A
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Aortic dissection
  • CT coronary arteriography
  • Cardiovascular imaging
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Emergency radiology
  • MDCT angiography technique
  • Pulmonary embolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Raptopoulos, V. D., Boiselle, P. B., Michailidis, N., Handwerker, J., Sabir, A., Edlow, J. A., Pedrosa, I., & Kruskal, J. B. (2006). MDCT angiography of acute chest pain: Evaluation of ECG-gated and nongated techniques. American Journal of Roentgenology, 186(6 SUPPL. A), S346-S356. https://doi.org/10.2214/AJR.04.1882