Measuring asymmetry in facial morphea via 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetry

Laila F. Abbas, Adrienne K. Joseph, Jennifer Day, Naomi A. Cole, Rami Hallac, Christopher Derderian, Heidi T. Jacobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Objectively determining tissue loss in craniofacial morphea is challenging. However, 3-dimensional (3D) stereophotogrammetry is a noninvasive modality that may be a useful adjunct. Objective: To prospectively evaluate 3D stereophotogrammetry in the assessment of craniofacial linear morphea. Methods: Participants underwent clinical, quality-of-life, and 3D-stereophotogrammetry assessments. Traditional photographs and 3D-stereophotogrammetry images were rated as mild, moderate, or severe by 2 experts and 2 nonexperts. In addition, interrater and intrarater reliability (on delayed rescoring) were calculated. Results: Of 23 patients with craniofacial morphea, 3D stereophotogrammetry detected pathologic asymmetry in 14 (20.6%) patients. Providers rated patients as more severely affected when using 3D stereophotogrammetry versus when using traditional photographs (19% severe on 3D stereophotogrammetry vs 0% severe on traditional photographs, P = .004). Qualitative ratings of both traditional and 3D images showed high inter- and intrarater reliability between experts and nonexperts alike. Physicians’ Global Assessment of Damage scores correlated with mouth asymmetry (P = .0021), cheek asymmetry (P = .04), and 3D-stereophotogrammetry ratings (median, mild: 27.5 vs moderate: 46.5 vs severe: 64, P = .0152). Lower face asymmetry correlated with worse quality-of-life scores (P = .013). Limitations: Small sample size and cross-sectional design. Conclusion: 3D stereophotogrammetry can reliably detect and quantify asymmetry in craniofacial morphea with greater sensitivity than that observed with traditional assessment alone. 3D stereophotogrammetry may be a useful adjunct to clinical examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • 3D-stereophotogrammetry
  • craniofacial morphea
  • imaging
  • localized scleroderma
  • morphea
  • morphea en coup de sabre
  • Parry Romberg syndrome
  • rheumatologic dermatology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology


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