Mechanical tricuspid valve replacement in hypoplastic left heart syndrome: An institutional experience

Mehar Hoda, Robert Douglas Benjamin Jaquiss, Lorraine James, Poonam P Thankavel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Atrioventricular valvar regurgitation in patients with single ventricles is associated with worse outcomes. Valve repair or replacement has been undertaken in an attempt to reduce mortality and morbidity. Current data on valve replacement in single ventricle patients are limited and derived from heterogenous populations. We describe our experience with repair and replacement of the tricuspid valve in children undergoing single ventricle palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Methods: We included 27 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome with at least moderate tricuspid regurgitation who underwent valve intervention between 2007 and 2021 at our institution; charts were retrospectively reviewed for data. Results: Eleven patients (73% male) underwent valve replacement (median age, 3 years). Preoperative ventricular systolic function was normal in 10 patients (91%). Median follow-up postoperatively was 4 years with no early mortality, 1 (9%) late mortality, and 1 heart transplant (9%). Morbidity consisted of complete heart block in 1 patient (9%), with no important hemorrhagic or thrombotic events. Among survivors of replacement (n = 9), ventricular function was preserved in all (n = 8) who had normal function preoperatively and improved in the remaining patient. Sixteen patients underwent valve repair (median age, 4 months) with no early mortality, 8 (50%) midterm mortalities, and 2 heart transplants (12%). Conclusions: Tricuspid valve replacement is a feasible option in hypoplastic left heart syndrome with significant tricuspid regurgitation, with favorable outcomes in the intermediate follow-up. When undertaken in the setting of normal function, ventricular function may be preserved in up to 80% of patients. Long-term follow-up is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJTCVS Open
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • anticoagulation
  • hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • single ventricle
  • tricuspid regurgitation
  • valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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