Experimental 13C kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations are used to evaluate the mechanism and origin of enantioselectivity in the formal C(sp2)-H alkylative desymmetrization of cyclopentene-1,3-diones using nitroalkanes as the alkylating agent. An unusual combination of an inverse (∼0.980) and a normal (∼1.033) KIE is observed on the bond-forming carbon atoms of the cyclopentene-1,3-dione and nitroalkane, respectively. These data provide strong support for a mechanism involving reversible carbon-carbon bond formation followed by rate- and enantioselectivity-determining nitro group elimination. The theoretical free-energy profile and the predicted KIEs indicate that this elimination event occurs via an E1cB pathway. The origin of remote stereocontrol is evaluated by distortion-interaction and SAPT0 analyses of the E1cB transition states leading to both enantiomers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry