Mechanisms of homeostatically regulated behaviors

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Homeostasis is broadly defined as the maintenance of internal physiological conditions in the face of altered environmental conditions. Conditions which are normally homeostatically maintained include body weight, blood glucose, body temperature, sleep, and thyroid hormone economy, among others. In this chapter, we outline some basic concepts of the anatomy and function of the hypothalamus, which is often viewed as the master regulator of homeostatic control. In addition, we highlight the hypothalamic regulation of food intake, energy balance, and metabolism, as well as hypothalamic regulation of thyroid function and autonomic function as prototypical examples of how the hypothalamic can respond to changing environmental conditions resulting in a coordinated set of responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroscience in the 21st Century
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Basic to Clinical, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages2087-2116
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781493934744
ISBN (Print)9781493934737
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Agouti-related protein (AgRP)
  • Autonomic function
  • Ghrelin
  • Homeostasis. See also hypothalamus
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypocretin
  • Hypothalamus
  • Leptin
  • Medial forebrain bundle
  • Neurohypophysis
  • Nissl staining
  • Plasma ghrelin
  • Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Prevalent model of energy balance
  • Proopiomelanocortin neurons (POMC)
  • Tanycytes
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Thyroidstimulating hormone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Elmquist, J. K., Zigman, J. M., & Saper, C. B. (2016). Mechanisms of homeostatically regulated behaviors. In Neuroscience in the 21st Century: From Basic to Clinical, Second Edition (pp. 2087-2116). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-3474-4_62