Mechanisms of post-flight orthostatic intolerance.

C. G. Blomqvist, J. C. Buckey, F. A. Gaffney, L. D. Lane, B. D. Levine, D. E. Watenpaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-flight orthostatic intolerance is a dramatic physiological consequence of human adaptation to microgravity made inappropriate by a sudden return to 1-G. The immediate mechanism is almost always a failure to maintain adequate tissue perfusion, specifically perfusion of the central nervous system, but vestibular dysfunction may occasionally be the primary cause. Orthostatic intolerance is present in a wide range of clinical disorders of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. The intolerance that is produced by spaceflight and 1-G analogs (bed rest, head-down tilt at a moderate angle, water immersion) is different from its clinical counterparts by being only transiently present in subjects who otherwise have normal cardiovascular and regulatory systems. However, the same set of basic pathophysiological elements should be considered in the analysis of any form of orthostatic intolerance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1994

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Orthostatic Intolerance
Cardiovascular System
Perfusion
Head-Down Tilt
Weightlessness
Space Flight
Bed Rest
Immersion
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Water

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Mechanisms of post-flight orthostatic intolerance. / Blomqvist, C. G.; Buckey, J. C.; Gaffney, F. A.; Lane, L. D.; Levine, B. D.; Watenpaugh, D. E.

In: Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology, Vol. 1, No. 1, 05.1994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blomqvist, C. G. ; Buckey, J. C. ; Gaffney, F. A. ; Lane, L. D. ; Levine, B. D. ; Watenpaugh, D. E. / Mechanisms of post-flight orthostatic intolerance. In: Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology. 1994 ; Vol. 1, No. 1.
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