Mediator and p300/CBP-steroid receptor coactivator complexes have distinct roles, but function synergistically, during estrogen receptor α-dependent transcription with chromatin templates

Mari Luz Acevedo, W. Lee Kraus

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61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ligand-dependent transcriptional activation by nuclear receptors involves the recruitment of various coactivators to the promoters of hormone-regulated genes assembled into chromatin. Nuclear receptor coactivators include histone acetyltransferase complexes, such as p300/CBP-steroid receptor coactivator (SRC), as well as the multisubunit mediator complexes ("Mediator"), which may help recruit RNA polymerase II to the promoter. We have used a biochemical approach, including an in vitro chromatin assembly and transcription system, to examine the functional role for Mediator in the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor α (ERα) with chromatin templates, as well as functional interplay between Mediator and p300/CBP during ERα-dependent transcription. Using three different approaches to functionally inactivate Mediator (immunoneutralization, immunodepletion, and inhibitory polypeptides), we find that Mediator is required for maximal transcriptional activation by ligand-activated ERα. In addition, we demonstrate synergism between Mediator and p300/CBP-SRC during ERα-dependent transcription with chromatin templates, but not with naked DNA. This synergism is important for promoting the formation of a stable transcription preinitiation complex leading to the initiation of transcription. Interestingly, we find that Mediator has an additional distinct role during ERα-dependent transcription not shared by p300/CBP-SRC: namely, to promote preinitiation complex formation for subsequent rounds of transcription reinitiation. These results suggest that one functional consequence of Mediator-ERα interactions is the stimulation of multiple cycles of transcription reinitiation. Collectively, our results indicate an important role for Mediator, as well as its functional interplay with p300/CBP-SRC, in the enhancement of ERα-dependent transcription with chromatin templates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-348
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

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Steroid Receptors
Estrogen Receptors
Chromatin
Transcriptional Activation
Nuclear Receptor Coactivators
Mediator Complex
Ligands
Histone Acetyltransferases
Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
RNA Polymerase II
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Hormones
Peptides
DNA
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Ligand-dependent transcriptional activation by nuclear receptors involves the recruitment of various coactivators to the promoters of hormone-regulated genes assembled into chromatin. Nuclear receptor coactivators include histone acetyltransferase complexes, such as p300/CBP-steroid receptor coactivator (SRC), as well as the multisubunit mediator complexes ({"}Mediator{"}), which may help recruit RNA polymerase II to the promoter. We have used a biochemical approach, including an in vitro chromatin assembly and transcription system, to examine the functional role for Mediator in the transcriptional activity of estrogen receptor α (ERα) with chromatin templates, as well as functional interplay between Mediator and p300/CBP during ERα-dependent transcription. Using three different approaches to functionally inactivate Mediator (immunoneutralization, immunodepletion, and inhibitory polypeptides), we find that Mediator is required for maximal transcriptional activation by ligand-activated ERα. In addition, we demonstrate synergism between Mediator and p300/CBP-SRC during ERα-dependent transcription with chromatin templates, but not with naked DNA. This synergism is important for promoting the formation of a stable transcription preinitiation complex leading to the initiation of transcription. Interestingly, we find that Mediator has an additional distinct role during ERα-dependent transcription not shared by p300/CBP-SRC: namely, to promote preinitiation complex formation for subsequent rounds of transcription reinitiation. These results suggest that one functional consequence of Mediator-ERα interactions is the stimulation of multiple cycles of transcription reinitiation. Collectively, our results indicate an important role for Mediator, as well as its functional interplay with p300/CBP-SRC, in the enhancement of ERα-dependent transcription with chromatin templates.",
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