Meis1 regulates postnatal cardiomyocyte cell cycle arrest

Ahmed I. Mahmoud, Fatih Kocabas, Shalini A. Muralidhar, Wataru Kimura, Ahmed S. Koura, Suwannee Thet, Enzo R. Porrello, Hesham A. Sadek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

261 Scopus citations

Abstract

The neonatal mammalian heart is capable of substantial regeneration following injury through cardiomyocyte proliferation. However, this regenerative capacity is lost by postnatal day 7 and the mechanisms of cardiomyocyte cell cycle arrest remain unclear. The homeodomain transcription factor Meis1 is required for normal cardiac development but its role in cardiomyocytes is unknown. Here we identify Meis1 as a critical regulator of the cardiomyocyte cell cycle. Meis1 deletion in mouse cardiomyocytes was sufficient for extension of the postnatal proliferative window of cardiomyocytes, and for re-activation of cardiomyocyte mitosis in the adult heart with no deleterious effect on cardiac function. In contrast, overexpression of Meis1 in cardiomyocytes decreased neonatal myocyte proliferation and inhibited neonatal heart regeneration. Finally, we show that Meis1 is required for transcriptional activation of the synergistic CDK inhibitors p15, p16 and p21. These results identify Meis1 as a critical transcriptional regulator of cardiomyocyte proliferation and a potential therapeutic target for heart regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-253
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume497
Issue number7448
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Mahmoud, A. I., Kocabas, F., Muralidhar, S. A., Kimura, W., Koura, A. S., Thet, S., Porrello, E. R., & Sadek, H. A. (2013). Meis1 regulates postnatal cardiomyocyte cell cycle arrest. Nature, 497(7448), 249-253. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12054