Membrane assembly: Posttranslational insertion of M13 procoat protein into E. coli membranes and its proteolytic conversion to coat protein in vitro

Joel M. Goodman, Colin Watts, William Wickner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major coat protein (gene 8 product) of bacteriophage M13 is an integral membrane protein during infection of host cells. It is synthesized as a larger precursor (procoat) with a leader sequence of 23 amino acids at its amino terminus. In vivo studies have shown that procoat only inserts into the host-cell plasma membrane after its synthesis is completed. We now demonstrate that procoat can post-translationally insert into inverted cytoplasmic membrane vesicles from E. coli and can be processed proteolytically to yield coat protein. Procoat changes from an assembly-competent substrate to an incompetent (denatured) form within minutes after its synthesis; much of the procoat that accumulates during an hour of in vitro synthesis is therefore denatured. These studies emphasize the importance of stringent criteria for the demonstration of obligate cotranslational assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)437-441
Number of pages5
JournalCell
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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