Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD) 2 functions as a mammalian cytosolic pathogen recognition molecule, and mutant forms have been genetically linked to Crohn's disease (CD). NOD2 associates with the caspase activation and recruitment domain of RIP-like interacting caspase-like apoptosis regulatory protein kinase (RICK)/RIP2 and activates nuclear factor (NF)-ΚB in epithelial cells and macrophages, whereas NOD2 mutant 3020insC, which is associated with CD, shows an impaired ability to activate NF-ΚB. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of NOD2 function, we performed a functional analysis of deletion and substitution NOD2 mutants. NOD2, but not NOD2 3020insC mutant, associated with cell surface membranes of intestinal epithelial cells. Membrane targeting and subsequent NF-ΚB activation are mediated by two leucine residues and a tryptophan-containing motif in the COOH-terminal domain of NOD2. The membrane targeting of NOD2 is required for NF-ΚB activation after the recognition of bacterial muramyl dipeptide in intestinal epithelial cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology