Memory impairment exhibited by veterans with Gulf War Illness

Timothy N. Odegard, Crystal M. Cooper, Emily A. Farris, Josh Arduengo, James Bartlett, Robert Haley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Roughly 26-32% of US veterans, who served in the first Gulf War, report suffering from chronic health problems (Golomb, 2008, Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, 105, 4295). The present study investigated the memory deficits reported by these ill Gulf War veterans (GWV) using a face-name associative memory paradigm administered during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The fMRI data confirmed memory performance on the memory task to be related to the amount of activation in the left hippocampus observed during the study. In addition, ill-GWV demonstrated decreased memory performance relative to unaffected GWV on this memory test, providing evidence of memory deficits using an objective measure of memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-327
Number of pages12
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • Associative memory
  • Covert recall
  • Feelings of knowing
  • Gulf War Illness
  • Hippocampus
  • Memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology


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