Metabolic Syndrome Among People Living with HIV Receiving Medical Care in Southern United States: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Sabeena Sears, Justin R. Buendia, Sylvia Odem, Mina Qobadi, Pascale Wortley, Osaro Mgbere, Jontae Sanders, Emma C. Spencer, Arti Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using representative data among 1861 in care people living with HIV (PLWH) in four southern states (Texas, Mississippi, Florida, and Georgia) from the 2013–2014 Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) survey, we estimated the prevalence and odds of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among various demographic and HIV related risk factors. Overall MetS prevalence was 34%, with our participants being mostly black (55%), male (72%), ≥ 50 years old (46%), and overweight or obese (60%) with undetectable viral loads (≤ 200 copies/ml, 69%), and were currently taking antiretroviral medication (98%). Compared to those who were ≥ 60 years, 18–39 year olds had a 79% (95% CI 0.13–0.33) lower odds of having MetS. Women were 2.24 times more likely to have MetS than men (95% CI 1.69–2.97). Age and sex were significant predictors of MetS. Since MetS is a combination of chronic disease risk factors, regular screening for MetS risk factors among aging PLWH is crucial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

HIV
Mississippi
Viral Load
Chronic Disease
Demography

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Medical Monitoring Project
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Southern United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Metabolic Syndrome Among People Living with HIV Receiving Medical Care in Southern United States : Prevalence and Risk Factors. / Sears, Sabeena; Buendia, Justin R.; Odem, Sylvia; Qobadi, Mina; Wortley, Pascale; Mgbere, Osaro; Sanders, Jontae; Spencer, Emma C.; Barnes, Arti.

In: AIDS and Behavior, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sears, Sabeena ; Buendia, Justin R. ; Odem, Sylvia ; Qobadi, Mina ; Wortley, Pascale ; Mgbere, Osaro ; Sanders, Jontae ; Spencer, Emma C. ; Barnes, Arti. / Metabolic Syndrome Among People Living with HIV Receiving Medical Care in Southern United States : Prevalence and Risk Factors. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2019.
@article{326e7705f62940aea5a16580a5ac9444,
title = "Metabolic Syndrome Among People Living with HIV Receiving Medical Care in Southern United States: Prevalence and Risk Factors",
abstract = "Using representative data among 1861 in care people living with HIV (PLWH) in four southern states (Texas, Mississippi, Florida, and Georgia) from the 2013–2014 Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) survey, we estimated the prevalence and odds of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among various demographic and HIV related risk factors. Overall MetS prevalence was 34{\%}, with our participants being mostly black (55{\%}), male (72{\%}), ≥ 50 years old (46{\%}), and overweight or obese (60{\%}) with undetectable viral loads (≤ 200 copies/ml, 69{\%}), and were currently taking antiretroviral medication (98{\%}). Compared to those who were ≥ 60 years, 18–39 year olds had a 79{\%} (95{\%} CI 0.13–0.33) lower odds of having MetS. Women were 2.24 times more likely to have MetS than men (95{\%} CI 1.69–2.97). Age and sex were significant predictors of MetS. Since MetS is a combination of chronic disease risk factors, regular screening for MetS risk factors among aging PLWH is crucial.",
keywords = "HIV, Medical Monitoring Project, Metabolic syndrome, Southern United States",
author = "Sabeena Sears and Buendia, {Justin R.} and Sylvia Odem and Mina Qobadi and Pascale Wortley and Osaro Mgbere and Jontae Sanders and Spencer, {Emma C.} and Arti Barnes",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10461-019-02487-8",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolic Syndrome Among People Living with HIV Receiving Medical Care in Southern United States

T2 - Prevalence and Risk Factors

AU - Sears, Sabeena

AU - Buendia, Justin R.

AU - Odem, Sylvia

AU - Qobadi, Mina

AU - Wortley, Pascale

AU - Mgbere, Osaro

AU - Sanders, Jontae

AU - Spencer, Emma C.

AU - Barnes, Arti

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Using representative data among 1861 in care people living with HIV (PLWH) in four southern states (Texas, Mississippi, Florida, and Georgia) from the 2013–2014 Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) survey, we estimated the prevalence and odds of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among various demographic and HIV related risk factors. Overall MetS prevalence was 34%, with our participants being mostly black (55%), male (72%), ≥ 50 years old (46%), and overweight or obese (60%) with undetectable viral loads (≤ 200 copies/ml, 69%), and were currently taking antiretroviral medication (98%). Compared to those who were ≥ 60 years, 18–39 year olds had a 79% (95% CI 0.13–0.33) lower odds of having MetS. Women were 2.24 times more likely to have MetS than men (95% CI 1.69–2.97). Age and sex were significant predictors of MetS. Since MetS is a combination of chronic disease risk factors, regular screening for MetS risk factors among aging PLWH is crucial.

AB - Using representative data among 1861 in care people living with HIV (PLWH) in four southern states (Texas, Mississippi, Florida, and Georgia) from the 2013–2014 Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) survey, we estimated the prevalence and odds of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among various demographic and HIV related risk factors. Overall MetS prevalence was 34%, with our participants being mostly black (55%), male (72%), ≥ 50 years old (46%), and overweight or obese (60%) with undetectable viral loads (≤ 200 copies/ml, 69%), and were currently taking antiretroviral medication (98%). Compared to those who were ≥ 60 years, 18–39 year olds had a 79% (95% CI 0.13–0.33) lower odds of having MetS. Women were 2.24 times more likely to have MetS than men (95% CI 1.69–2.97). Age and sex were significant predictors of MetS. Since MetS is a combination of chronic disease risk factors, regular screening for MetS risk factors among aging PLWH is crucial.

KW - HIV

KW - Medical Monitoring Project

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Southern United States

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064482389&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064482389&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10461-019-02487-8

DO - 10.1007/s10461-019-02487-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 30929149

AN - SCOPUS:85064482389

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

ER -