Metabolism of branched-chain amino acids in fibroblasts from patients with maple syrup urine disease and other abnormalities of branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase activity

I. Yoshida, L. Sweetman, W. L. Nyhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The metabolism of branched-chain amino acids was studied in cultured fibroblasts from patients with branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency using 1-14C- and UL-14C-leucine and valine. The formation of 14CO2 from 1-14C-valine or 1-14C-leucine was 1-3% of normal. In fibroblasts of patients with associated lactic acidemia the values were 4-29% of control. Analysis of organic acid products revealed that in both patients and controls the amount of labeled a-ketoisovalerate recovered after incubation with 1-14C-valine was one-third of the amount of α-ketoisocaproate recovered after incubation with 1-l4C-leucine. Very little α-hydroxyisocaproate was produced, while the amount of a-hydroxyisovalerate was about 10% of the α-ketoisovalerate. Unexpectedly β-hy-droxyisobutyrate ws found to be the major metabolic product of UL-14C-valine in normal fibroblasts. Large accumulations of β-hydroxyisovalerate were found in normal fibroblasts using UL-I4C-leucine. There were little or no conversions to these compounds in fibroblasts of patients with branched-chain ketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency. There were substantial conversions in the patients in whom dehydrogenase deficiency was associated with lactic acidemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Research
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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