Metastatic latency, a veiled threat

Kangsan Kim, Mauricio Marquez-Palencia, Srinivas Malladi

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metastatic relapse is observed in cancer patients with no clinical evidence of disease for months to decades after initial diagnosis and treatment. Disseminated cancer cells that are capable of entering reversible cell cycle arrest are believed to be responsible for these late metastatic relapses. Dynamic interactions between the latent disseminated tumor cells and their surrounding microenvironment aid cancer cell survival and facilitate escape from immune surveillance. Here, we highlight findings from preclinical models that provide a conceptual framework to define and target the latent metastatic phase of tumor progression. The hope is by identifying patients harboring latent metastatic cells and providing therapeutic options to eliminate metastatic seeds prior to their emergence will result in long lasting cures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1836
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume10
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Dormancy
  • Immune-surveillance
  • Latency
  • Metastasis
  • Microenvironment
  • Minimal residual disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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