Subclinical infection of BALB/c mice with the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes results in the development of MHC class Ia- and Ib-restricted CTLs, L. monocytogenes-infected TAP-/- bone marrow macrophage targets are not lysed by MHC class Ia- or Ib-restricted CTLs, showing a requirement for transport of peptides into the endoplasmic reticulum for development of the MHC class Ib-peptide target. L. monocytogenes-infected B6.Tlaa-derived bone marrow macrophages (Kb Qa-1a) are not lysed by BALB/c (Kd Qa-1b)-derived antilisterial CTLs, confirming an earlier finding that the Ib-restricting element is T region encoded. We have further determined that Qa-1b is a restricting element for antilisterial CTLs using L. monocytogenes-infected Qa-1b-transformed mouse L cells as well as human-derived HeLa cells as target populations. These L. monocytogenes-infected Qa-1b-transformed cell lines are lysed by BALB/c (Qa-1b)- or C57BL/6 (Qa-1b)-derived antilisterial CTLs, but are not lysed by B6.AKM (Qa-1a)-derived antilisterial CTLs. Using L. monocytogenes-infected targets, we found that MHC class Ia- and Ib-restricted CTLs are evident within 4 days following infection, peak on day 5 following infection, and although Ib-restricted CTLs disappear by day 6 postinfection, Ia-restricted antilisterial CTL activity can still be detected. These results demonstrate that Qa-1b is a restricting element for antilisterial CTLs, and expression of the MHC class Ib-presented target at the cell surface is TAP dependent. In addition, these results show that following L. monocytogenes infection, MHC class Ib-restricted CTLs are evident in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1997|
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