Background: Image-guided percutaneous microwave ablation has been used to treat adult osteoid osteomas but has not been thoroughly evaluated in the pediatric population. Objective: To evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of microwave ablation to treat osteoid osteomas in pediatric patients. Materials and methods: The electronic medical record and imaging archive were reviewed for 24 consecutive patients who had undergone microwave ablation of osteoid osteomas between January 1, 2015, and May 31, 2018, at a single tertiary care pediatric hospital. All patients were diagnosed by clinical and imaging criteria, and referred by a pediatric orthopedic surgeon after failing conservative management with pain medication. The average age of the patients was 13.3 years (range: 3–18 years), and the average size of the osteoid osteoma nidus was 8.8 mm (range: 5–22 mm). Technical success was defined as placement of the microwave antenna at the distal margin of the lesion nidus and achievement of the target ablation temperature. Clinical findings were assessed pre- and post-ablation and clinical success was defined as complete relief of pain without pain medication at 1-month follow-up. The number and severity of complications were also documented. Results: Clinical success was achieved in 100% of patients (24/24), with all reporting complete cessation of pain medication use 1 week after treatment and 0/10 pain at 1 month. There were 4 minor complications (17%) including access site numbness and a minor soft-tissue infection. There were no major complications. Conclusion: Microwave ablation is a technically feasible and clinically effective treatment for pediatric osteoid osteomas.
- Interventional radiology
- Microwave ablation
- Osteoid osteoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging