Mild Allergic Transfusion Reactions

Brian D. Adkins, Shaun Lawicki, Mary Johnson, Quentin Eichbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Transfusions are often needlessly aborted after occurrence of a mild allergic transfusion reaction (ATR), leading to wastage and reexposure of recipients to additional blood products (with potential alloimmunization). We aimed to determine the symptoms associated with such reactions (along with other parameters) as a possible reason of concern for transfusionists aborting such transfusions. Methods: We reviewed the symptomology of all mild ATRs (as well as the associated wastage and costs of aborted transfusions) at an academic medical center that occurred over a period of 1 year. Results: Of the patients, 52.3% had nonatopic-associated symptoms. The most common associated symptom was tachycardia (37.8%), followed by dyspnea (28.9%), hypotension (17.8%), and hypertension (13.3%). More than half of patients (54.7%) required retransfusion. The estimated cost of product wastage was $12,507. Conclusions: Understanding symptoms associated with mild ATRs may lead to improved management of patients, with fewer unnecessary transfusions and less wastage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-348
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of clinical pathology
Volume151
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allergic
  • Allergy
  • Hemovigilance
  • Transfusion medicine
  • Transfusion reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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