Mitotic Transcription Installs Sgo1 at Centromeres to Coordinate Chromosome Segregation

Hong Liu, Qianhui Qu, Ross Warrington, Allyson Rice, Ningyan Cheng, Hongtao Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human sister chromatids at metaphase are primarily linked by centromeric cohesion, forming the iconic Xshape. Premature loss of centromeric cohesion disrupts orderly mitotic progression. Shugoshin (Sgo1) binds to and protects cohesin at inner centromeres. The kinetochore kinase Bub1 phosphorylates histone H2A at T120 (H2A-pT120) and recruits Sgo1 to kinetochores, 0.5μm from inner centromeres. Here, we show that Sgo1 is a direct reader of the H2A-pT120 mark. Bub1 also recruits RNA polymerase II (Pol II) to unattached kinetochores and promotes active transcription at mitotic kinetochores. Mitosis-specific inactivation of Pol II traps Sgo1 at kinetochores and weakens centromeric cohesion. Sgo1 interacts with Pol II in human cells and with RNA invitro. We propose that Pol II-dependent transcription enables kinetochore-bound Sgo1 initially recruited by H2A-pT120 to reach cohesin embedded in centromeric chromatin. Our study implicates mitotic transcription in targeting regulatory factors to highly compacted mitotic chromatin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-436
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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