ML327 induces apoptosis and sensitizes Ewing sarcoma cells to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

Eric J. Rellinger, Chandrasekhar Padmanabhan, Jingbo Qiao, Andrew Appert, Alex G. Waterson, Craig W. Lindsley, R. Daniel Beauchamp, Dai H. Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ewing sarcomas are rare mesenchymal-derived bone and soft tissue tumors in children. Afflicted children with distant metastases have poor survival despite aggressive therapeutics. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in epithelial carcinomas is associated with loss of E-cadherin and resistance to apoptosis. ML327 is a novel small molecule that we have previously shown to reverse epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition features in both epithelial and neural crest-derived cancers. Herein, we sought to evaluate the effects of ML327 on mesenchymal-derived Ewing sarcoma cells, hypothesizing that ML327 initiates growth arrest and sensitizes to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. ML327 induced protein expression changes, increased E-cadherin and decreased vimentin, consistent with partial induction of mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition in multiple Ewing Sarcoma cell lines (SK-N-MC, TC71, and ES-5838). Induction of epithelial features was associated with apoptosis, as demonstrated by PARP and Caspase 3 cleavage by immunoblotting. Cell cycle analysis validated these findings by marked induction of the subG0 cell population. In vitro combination treatment with TRAIL demonstrated additive induction of apoptotic markers. Taken together, these findings establish a rationale for further in vivo trials of ML327 in cells of mesenchymal origin both alone and in combination with TRAIL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume491
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 16 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Isoxazole
  • ML327
  • TRAIL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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