Moderate intravenous sedation for office-based full face laser resurfacing using a continuous infusion propofol pump

Joseph E. Cillo, Richard Finn

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthetic requirements and hemodynamic and oxygenation variables involved between the bolus midazolam/fentanyl intravenous sedation-analgesia technique, and the same technique combined with continuous-infusion propofol. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective chart analysis of 41 consecutive patients undergoing full-face carbon dioxide laser resurfacing with either bolus midazolam/fentanyl (n = 15) or midazolam/fentanyl with continuous propofol infusion anesthesia (n = 26) techniques. Data recorded were noninvasive baseline and intraoperative hemodynamic measurements at 5-minute intervals for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), pulse (P), and rate-pressure product (RPP), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Data collected were reported as mean values with standard deviation. Statistical analyses were performed with the Student's t test and found statistically significant for P < .05. Results: Statistically significant decreases in averages were seen in SBP (P < .001), DBP (P = .02), MAP (P = .004), P (P < .00l), RPP (P < .00l), and RR (P < .001), but not PP (P = .4) and SpO2 (P = .08) in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion group compared with the midazolam/fentanyl only group. Changes from baseline were statistically significant only for MAP (P = .04), but statistically insignificant for all other measurements, SBP (P = .7), DBP (P = .4), P (P = .95), PP (P = .97), RPP (P = .6), RR (P = .6), and SpO2 (P = .4). Statistically significant smaller amounts of midazolam (P = .01) and fentanyl (P < .001) were used in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion pump group. Length of procedure was statistically insignificant between groups (P = .4). Conclusion: The addition of a continuous propofol pump maintained hemodynamic and oxygenation values close to baseline, while decreasing the amount of respiratory depressing opiates administered and without affecting the length of the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)903-907
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

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Conscious Sedation
Infusion Pumps
Propofol
Lasers
Blood Pressure
Midazolam
Fentanyl
Respiratory Rate
Arterial Pressure
Hemodynamics
Pressure
Opiate Alkaloids
Gas Lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{f24da78d5f6149e7827b917ff956afdc,
title = "Moderate intravenous sedation for office-based full face laser resurfacing using a continuous infusion propofol pump",
abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthetic requirements and hemodynamic and oxygenation variables involved between the bolus midazolam/fentanyl intravenous sedation-analgesia technique, and the same technique combined with continuous-infusion propofol. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective chart analysis of 41 consecutive patients undergoing full-face carbon dioxide laser resurfacing with either bolus midazolam/fentanyl (n = 15) or midazolam/fentanyl with continuous propofol infusion anesthesia (n = 26) techniques. Data recorded were noninvasive baseline and intraoperative hemodynamic measurements at 5-minute intervals for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), pulse (P), and rate-pressure product (RPP), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Data collected were reported as mean values with standard deviation. Statistical analyses were performed with the Student's t test and found statistically significant for P < .05. Results: Statistically significant decreases in averages were seen in SBP (P < .001), DBP (P = .02), MAP (P = .004), P (P < .00l), RPP (P < .00l), and RR (P < .001), but not PP (P = .4) and SpO2 (P = .08) in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion group compared with the midazolam/fentanyl only group. Changes from baseline were statistically significant only for MAP (P = .04), but statistically insignificant for all other measurements, SBP (P = .7), DBP (P = .4), P (P = .95), PP (P = .97), RPP (P = .6), RR (P = .6), and SpO2 (P = .4). Statistically significant smaller amounts of midazolam (P = .01) and fentanyl (P < .001) were used in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion pump group. Length of procedure was statistically insignificant between groups (P = .4). Conclusion: The addition of a continuous propofol pump maintained hemodynamic and oxygenation values close to baseline, while decreasing the amount of respiratory depressing opiates administered and without affecting the length of the procedure.",
author = "Cillo, {Joseph E.} and Richard Finn",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.joms.2005.03.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "903--907",
journal = "Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons",
issn = "0278-2391",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "7",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Moderate intravenous sedation for office-based full face laser resurfacing using a continuous infusion propofol pump

AU - Cillo, Joseph E.

AU - Finn, Richard

PY - 2005/7

Y1 - 2005/7

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthetic requirements and hemodynamic and oxygenation variables involved between the bolus midazolam/fentanyl intravenous sedation-analgesia technique, and the same technique combined with continuous-infusion propofol. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective chart analysis of 41 consecutive patients undergoing full-face carbon dioxide laser resurfacing with either bolus midazolam/fentanyl (n = 15) or midazolam/fentanyl with continuous propofol infusion anesthesia (n = 26) techniques. Data recorded were noninvasive baseline and intraoperative hemodynamic measurements at 5-minute intervals for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), pulse (P), and rate-pressure product (RPP), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Data collected were reported as mean values with standard deviation. Statistical analyses were performed with the Student's t test and found statistically significant for P < .05. Results: Statistically significant decreases in averages were seen in SBP (P < .001), DBP (P = .02), MAP (P = .004), P (P < .00l), RPP (P < .00l), and RR (P < .001), but not PP (P = .4) and SpO2 (P = .08) in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion group compared with the midazolam/fentanyl only group. Changes from baseline were statistically significant only for MAP (P = .04), but statistically insignificant for all other measurements, SBP (P = .7), DBP (P = .4), P (P = .95), PP (P = .97), RPP (P = .6), RR (P = .6), and SpO2 (P = .4). Statistically significant smaller amounts of midazolam (P = .01) and fentanyl (P < .001) were used in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion pump group. Length of procedure was statistically insignificant between groups (P = .4). Conclusion: The addition of a continuous propofol pump maintained hemodynamic and oxygenation values close to baseline, while decreasing the amount of respiratory depressing opiates administered and without affecting the length of the procedure.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthetic requirements and hemodynamic and oxygenation variables involved between the bolus midazolam/fentanyl intravenous sedation-analgesia technique, and the same technique combined with continuous-infusion propofol. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective chart analysis of 41 consecutive patients undergoing full-face carbon dioxide laser resurfacing with either bolus midazolam/fentanyl (n = 15) or midazolam/fentanyl with continuous propofol infusion anesthesia (n = 26) techniques. Data recorded were noninvasive baseline and intraoperative hemodynamic measurements at 5-minute intervals for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP), pulse (P), and rate-pressure product (RPP), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2). Data collected were reported as mean values with standard deviation. Statistical analyses were performed with the Student's t test and found statistically significant for P < .05. Results: Statistically significant decreases in averages were seen in SBP (P < .001), DBP (P = .02), MAP (P = .004), P (P < .00l), RPP (P < .00l), and RR (P < .001), but not PP (P = .4) and SpO2 (P = .08) in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion group compared with the midazolam/fentanyl only group. Changes from baseline were statistically significant only for MAP (P = .04), but statistically insignificant for all other measurements, SBP (P = .7), DBP (P = .4), P (P = .95), PP (P = .97), RPP (P = .6), RR (P = .6), and SpO2 (P = .4). Statistically significant smaller amounts of midazolam (P = .01) and fentanyl (P < .001) were used in the midazolam/fentanyl/continuous propofol infusion pump group. Length of procedure was statistically insignificant between groups (P = .4). Conclusion: The addition of a continuous propofol pump maintained hemodynamic and oxygenation values close to baseline, while decreasing the amount of respiratory depressing opiates administered and without affecting the length of the procedure.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.joms.2005.03.005

DO - 10.1016/j.joms.2005.03.005

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VL - 63

SP - 903

EP - 907

JO - Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

JF - Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

SN - 0278-2391

IS - 7

ER -