Type C atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptor levels in cultured vascular endothelial cells were found to be very sensitive to NaCl and shown to be inversely related to the magnitude of ANP-induced cGMP response of the cells. Endothelial cells from bovine carotid artery were subcultured in Eagle's minimum essential medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (MEM-FBS) and in MEM-FBS plus 25 and 50 mM NaCl. Determination, after several passages, of ANP receptor levels in these cells by 125I-ANP binding assay and affinity labeling revealed a marked reduction in the number of type C receptor in the NaCl-treated cells, whereas type A receptor density was not affected. RNase protection assay to estimate the levels of type C receptor mRNA indicated that the reduction occurred at a pre-translational level. In spite of the decrease in type C receptor number and no significant change in type A receptor (i.e. particulate guanylate cyclase) levels, cGMP response of the NaCl-treated cells to ANP was greatly exaggerated; this sensitization was also observed in membrane preparations. Simple masking of type C ANP receptor with C-ANF (des-[Gln18,Ser19,Gly20,Leu 21,Gly22]ANP), a ring-deleted ANP analog, did not produce any sensitization of the cGMP response to ANP; therefore, the above phenomenon cannot simply be explained by the clearance function of the type C receptor. Although whether the type C receptor depletion is directly related to the sensitization of the type A receptor/cyclase is not known, the phenomenon reported and characterized here will serve as a useful basis for elucidating ANP receptor regulation and activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 15 1992|
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