Modulation of corneal and stromal matrix metalloproteinase by the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytolytic protein

Hassan Alizadeh, Haochuan Li, Sudha Neelam, Jerry Y. Niederkorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 mRNA were expressed in both cultured human corneal epithelial and stromal cells. When the epithelial cells were exposed to MIP-133 protein, the mRNA expression for MMP-1 and MMP-9 was unchanged. However, the transcript for MMP-2 and MMP-3 was decreased by 2-fold. By contrast, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-3 was significantly upregulated (2- to 4-fold) in the corneal stromal cells 1, 4, and 8 h after MIP-133 stimulation. At the protein level, there was no significant difference in the level of MMPs between the corneal epithelial cells before and after stimulation with MIP-133. By contrast, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in the corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133. The supernatants from corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133 were incubated with PMSF and MIP-133 antibody and the level of MMP-2 was measured by ELISA. Activation of MMP-2 by MIP-133 was inhibited in the supernatants pretreated with the serine protease inhibitor, PMSF, and anti-MIP-133. Supernatants pretreated with the cysteine protease inhibitor E6 or control antibody produced the same amount of MMP-2 as the untreated supernatants. To verify possible homology between MMPs and Acanthamoeba castellanii proteases, the mRNA from A. castellanii was prepared and analyzed for the expression of MMP genes by PT-PCR. The results showed that A. castellanii did not express mRNA for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, or MMP-9. Thus, A. castellanii mRNA does not cross-react with human MMPs. Furthermore, ELISA was used to determine the cross-reactivity of MMP antibodies with the MIP-133 protein. Monoclonal antibodies against MMPs did not cross-react with either the MIP-133 protein or BSA (negative control antigen). The results indicate that the MIP-133 protein modulates MMP-2 and -3 expression differently in human corneal epithelial and stromal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Acanthamoeba
Mannose
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Proteins
Stromal Cells
Acanthamoeba castellanii
Epithelial Cells
Messenger RNA
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Keywords

  • Acanthamoeba
  • cornea
  • keratitis
  • mannose-induced protein
  • metalloproteinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Modulation of corneal and stromal matrix metalloproteinase by the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytolytic protein. / Alizadeh, Hassan; Li, Haochuan; Neelam, Sudha; Niederkorn, Jerry Y.

In: Experimental Eye Research, Vol. 87, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 286-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ea145915f90841b2a29950abab3b0842,
title = "Modulation of corneal and stromal matrix metalloproteinase by the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytolytic protein",
abstract = "The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 mRNA were expressed in both cultured human corneal epithelial and stromal cells. When the epithelial cells were exposed to MIP-133 protein, the mRNA expression for MMP-1 and MMP-9 was unchanged. However, the transcript for MMP-2 and MMP-3 was decreased by 2-fold. By contrast, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-3 was significantly upregulated (2- to 4-fold) in the corneal stromal cells 1, 4, and 8 h after MIP-133 stimulation. At the protein level, there was no significant difference in the level of MMPs between the corneal epithelial cells before and after stimulation with MIP-133. By contrast, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in the corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133. The supernatants from corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133 were incubated with PMSF and MIP-133 antibody and the level of MMP-2 was measured by ELISA. Activation of MMP-2 by MIP-133 was inhibited in the supernatants pretreated with the serine protease inhibitor, PMSF, and anti-MIP-133. Supernatants pretreated with the cysteine protease inhibitor E6 or control antibody produced the same amount of MMP-2 as the untreated supernatants. To verify possible homology between MMPs and Acanthamoeba castellanii proteases, the mRNA from A. castellanii was prepared and analyzed for the expression of MMP genes by PT-PCR. The results showed that A. castellanii did not express mRNA for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, or MMP-9. Thus, A. castellanii mRNA does not cross-react with human MMPs. Furthermore, ELISA was used to determine the cross-reactivity of MMP antibodies with the MIP-133 protein. Monoclonal antibodies against MMPs did not cross-react with either the MIP-133 protein or BSA (negative control antigen). The results indicate that the MIP-133 protein modulates MMP-2 and -3 expression differently in human corneal epithelial and stromal cells.",
keywords = "Acanthamoeba, cornea, keratitis, mannose-induced protein, metalloproteinases",
author = "Hassan Alizadeh and Haochuan Li and Sudha Neelam and Niederkorn, {Jerry Y.}",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.exer.2008.06.011",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "87",
pages = "286--291",
journal = "Experimental Eye Research",
issn = "0014-4835",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modulation of corneal and stromal matrix metalloproteinase by the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytolytic protein

AU - Alizadeh, Hassan

AU - Li, Haochuan

AU - Neelam, Sudha

AU - Niederkorn, Jerry Y.

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 mRNA were expressed in both cultured human corneal epithelial and stromal cells. When the epithelial cells were exposed to MIP-133 protein, the mRNA expression for MMP-1 and MMP-9 was unchanged. However, the transcript for MMP-2 and MMP-3 was decreased by 2-fold. By contrast, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-3 was significantly upregulated (2- to 4-fold) in the corneal stromal cells 1, 4, and 8 h after MIP-133 stimulation. At the protein level, there was no significant difference in the level of MMPs between the corneal epithelial cells before and after stimulation with MIP-133. By contrast, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in the corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133. The supernatants from corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133 were incubated with PMSF and MIP-133 antibody and the level of MMP-2 was measured by ELISA. Activation of MMP-2 by MIP-133 was inhibited in the supernatants pretreated with the serine protease inhibitor, PMSF, and anti-MIP-133. Supernatants pretreated with the cysteine protease inhibitor E6 or control antibody produced the same amount of MMP-2 as the untreated supernatants. To verify possible homology between MMPs and Acanthamoeba castellanii proteases, the mRNA from A. castellanii was prepared and analyzed for the expression of MMP genes by PT-PCR. The results showed that A. castellanii did not express mRNA for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, or MMP-9. Thus, A. castellanii mRNA does not cross-react with human MMPs. Furthermore, ELISA was used to determine the cross-reactivity of MMP antibodies with the MIP-133 protein. Monoclonal antibodies against MMPs did not cross-react with either the MIP-133 protein or BSA (negative control antigen). The results indicate that the MIP-133 protein modulates MMP-2 and -3 expression differently in human corneal epithelial and stromal cells.

AB - The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 mRNA were expressed in both cultured human corneal epithelial and stromal cells. When the epithelial cells were exposed to MIP-133 protein, the mRNA expression for MMP-1 and MMP-9 was unchanged. However, the transcript for MMP-2 and MMP-3 was decreased by 2-fold. By contrast, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-3 was significantly upregulated (2- to 4-fold) in the corneal stromal cells 1, 4, and 8 h after MIP-133 stimulation. At the protein level, there was no significant difference in the level of MMPs between the corneal epithelial cells before and after stimulation with MIP-133. By contrast, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in the corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133. The supernatants from corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133 were incubated with PMSF and MIP-133 antibody and the level of MMP-2 was measured by ELISA. Activation of MMP-2 by MIP-133 was inhibited in the supernatants pretreated with the serine protease inhibitor, PMSF, and anti-MIP-133. Supernatants pretreated with the cysteine protease inhibitor E6 or control antibody produced the same amount of MMP-2 as the untreated supernatants. To verify possible homology between MMPs and Acanthamoeba castellanii proteases, the mRNA from A. castellanii was prepared and analyzed for the expression of MMP genes by PT-PCR. The results showed that A. castellanii did not express mRNA for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, or MMP-9. Thus, A. castellanii mRNA does not cross-react with human MMPs. Furthermore, ELISA was used to determine the cross-reactivity of MMP antibodies with the MIP-133 protein. Monoclonal antibodies against MMPs did not cross-react with either the MIP-133 protein or BSA (negative control antigen). The results indicate that the MIP-133 protein modulates MMP-2 and -3 expression differently in human corneal epithelial and stromal cells.

KW - Acanthamoeba

KW - cornea

KW - keratitis

KW - mannose-induced protein

KW - metalloproteinases

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=50849091571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=50849091571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.exer.2008.06.011

DO - 10.1016/j.exer.2008.06.011

M3 - Article

C2 - 18627771

AN - SCOPUS:50849091571

VL - 87

SP - 286

EP - 291

JO - Experimental Eye Research

JF - Experimental Eye Research

SN - 0014-4835

IS - 3

ER -