Modulation of corneal and stromal matrix metalloproteinase by the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytolytic protein

Hassan Alizadeh, Haochuan Li, Sudha Neelam, Jerry Y. Niederkorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ELISA. MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 mRNA were expressed in both cultured human corneal epithelial and stromal cells. When the epithelial cells were exposed to MIP-133 protein, the mRNA expression for MMP-1 and MMP-9 was unchanged. However, the transcript for MMP-2 and MMP-3 was decreased by 2-fold. By contrast, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-3 was significantly upregulated (2- to 4-fold) in the corneal stromal cells 1, 4, and 8 h after MIP-133 stimulation. At the protein level, there was no significant difference in the level of MMPs between the corneal epithelial cells before and after stimulation with MIP-133. By contrast, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in the corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133. The supernatants from corneal stromal cells stimulated with MIP-133 were incubated with PMSF and MIP-133 antibody and the level of MMP-2 was measured by ELISA. Activation of MMP-2 by MIP-133 was inhibited in the supernatants pretreated with the serine protease inhibitor, PMSF, and anti-MIP-133. Supernatants pretreated with the cysteine protease inhibitor E6 or control antibody produced the same amount of MMP-2 as the untreated supernatants. To verify possible homology between MMPs and Acanthamoeba castellanii proteases, the mRNA from A. castellanii was prepared and analyzed for the expression of MMP genes by PT-PCR. The results showed that A. castellanii did not express mRNA for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, or MMP-9. Thus, A. castellanii mRNA does not cross-react with human MMPs. Furthermore, ELISA was used to determine the cross-reactivity of MMP antibodies with the MIP-133 protein. Monoclonal antibodies against MMPs did not cross-react with either the MIP-133 protein or BSA (negative control antigen). The results indicate that the MIP-133 protein modulates MMP-2 and -3 expression differently in human corneal epithelial and stromal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-291
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Keywords

  • Acanthamoeba
  • cornea
  • keratitis
  • mannose-induced protein
  • metalloproteinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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