Molecular biology cGAS suppresses genomic instability as a decelerator of replication forks

Hao Chen, Hao Chen, Jiamin Zhang, Yumin Wang, Antoine Simoneau, Hui Yang, Arthur S. Levine, Lee Zou, Zhijian Chen, Li Lan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS), a sensor of cytosolic DNA, is critical for the innate immune response. Here, we show that loss of cGAS in untransformed and cancer cells results in uncontrolled DNA replication, hyper-proliferation, and genomic instability. While the majority of cGAS is cytoplasmic, a fraction of cGAS associates with chromatin. cGAS interacts with replication fork proteins in a DNA binding–dependent manner, suggesting that cGAS encounters replication forks in DNA. Independent of cGAMP and STING, cGAS slows replication forks by binding to DNA in the nucleus. In the absence of cGAS, replication forks are accelerated, but fork stability is compromised. Consequently, cGAS-deficient cells are exposed to replication stress and become increasingly sensitive to radiation and chemotherapy. Thus, by acting as a decelerator of DNA replication forks, cGAS controls replication dynamics and suppresses replication-associated DNA damage, suggesting that cGAS is an attractive target for exploiting the genomic instability of cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereabb8941
JournalScience Advances
Volume6
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular biology cGAS suppresses genomic instability as a decelerator of replication forks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this