Fertilization in Chlamydomonas is initiated by adhesive interactions between gametes of opposite mating types through flagellar glycoproteins called agglutinins. Interactions between these cell adhesion molecules signal for the activation of adenylyl cyclase through an interplay of protein kinases and ultimately result in formation of a diploid zygote. One of the early events during adhesion-induced signal transduction is the rapid inactivation of a flagellar protein kinase that phosphorylates a 48-kDa protein in the flagella. We report the biochemical and molecular characterization of the 48-kDa protein. Experiments using a bacterially expressed fusion protein show that the 48-kDa protein is capable of autophosphorylation on serine and tyrosine and phosphorylation of bovine β- casein on serine, confirming that the 48-kDa protein itself has protein kinase activity. This protein kinase exhibits limited homology to members of the eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily and may be an important element in a signaling pathway in fertilization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jan 9 1996|
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