Molecular mechanisms of cell death: Recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death 2018

Lorenzo Galluzzi, Ilio Vitale, Stuart A. Aaronson, John M. Abrams, Dieter Adam, Patrizia Agostinis, Emad S. Alnemri, Lucia Altucci, Ivano Amelio, David W. Andrews, Margherita Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, Alexey V. Antonov, Eli Arama, Eric H. Baehrecke, Nickolai A. Barlev, Nicolas G. Bazan, Francesca Bernassola, Mathieu J.M. Bertrand, Katiuscia Bianchi, Mikhail V. BlagosklonnyKlas Blomgren, Christoph Borner, Patricia Boya, Catherine Brenner, Michelangelo Campanella, Eleonora Candi, Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Francesco Cecconi, Francis K.M. Chan, Navdeep S. Chandel, Emily H. Cheng, Jerry E. Chipuk, John A. Cidlowski, Aaron Ciechanover, Gerald M. Cohen, Marcus Conrad, Juan R. Cubillos-Ruiz, Peter E. Czabotar, Vincenzo D'Angiolella, Ted M. Dawson, Valina L. Dawson, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Ruggero De Maria, Klaus Michael Debatin, Ralph J. Deberardinis, Mohanish Deshmukh, Nicola Di Daniele, Francesco Di Virgilio, Vishva M. Dixit, Scott J. Dixon, Colin S. Duckett, Brian D. Dynlacht, Wafik S. El-Deiry, John W. Elrod, Gian Maria Fimia, Simone Fulda, Ana J. García-Sáez, Abhishek D. Garg, Carmen Garrido, Evripidis Gavathiotis, Pierre Golstein, Eyal Gottlieb, Douglas R. Green, Lloyd A. Greene, Hinrich Gronemeyer, Atan Gross, Gyorgy Hajnoczky, J. Marie Hardwick, Isaac S. Harris, Michael O. Hengartner, Claudio Hetz, Hidenori Ichijo, Marja Jäättelä, Bertrand Joseph, Philipp J. Jost, Philippe P. Juin, William J. Kaiser, Michael Karin, Thomas Kaufmann, Oliver Kepp, Adi Kimchi, Richard N. Kitsis, Daniel J. Klionsky, Richard A. Knight, Sharad Kumar, Sam W. Lee, John J. Lemasters, Beth Levine, Andreas Linkermann, Stuart A. Lipton, Richard A. Lockshin, Carlos López-Otín, Scott W. Lowe, Tom Luedde, Enrico Lugli, Marion MacFarlane, Frank Madeo, Michal Malewicz, Walter Malorni, Gwenola Manic, Jean Christophe Marine, Seamus J. Martin, Jean Claude Martinou, Jan Paul Medema, Patrick Mehlen, Pascal Meier, Sonia Melino, Edward A. Miao, Jeffery D. Molkentin, Ute M. Moll, Cristina Muñoz-Pinedo, Shigekazu Nagata, Gabriel Nuñez, Andrew Oberst, Moshe Oren, Michael Overholtzer, Michele Pagano, Theocharis Panaretakis, Manolis Pasparakis, Josef M. Penninger, David M. Pereira, Shazib Pervaiz, Marcus E. Peter, Mauro Piacentini, Paolo Pinton, Jochen H.M. Prehn, Hamsa Puthalakath, Gabriel A. Rabinovich, Markus Rehm, Rosario Rizzuto, Cecilia M.P. Rodrigues, David C. Rubinsztein, Thomas Rudel, Kevin M. Ryan, Emre Sayan, Luca Scorrano, Feng Shao, Yufang Shi, John Silke, Hans Uwe Simon, Antonella Sistigu, Brent R. Stockwell, Andreas Strasser, Gyorgy Szabadkai, Stephen W.G. Tait, Daolin Tang, Nektarios Tavernarakis, Andrew Thorburn, Yoshihide Tsujimoto, Boris Turk, Tom Vanden Berghe, Peter Vandenabeele, Matthew G. Vander Heiden, Andreas Villunger, Herbert W. Virgin, Karen H. Vousden, Domagoj Vucic, Erwin F. Wagner, Henning Walczak, David Wallach, Ying Wang, James A. Wells, Will Wood, Junying Yuan, Zahra Zakeri, Boris Zhivotovsky, Laurence Zitvogel, Gerry Melino, Guido Kroemer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

721 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the past decade, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) has formulated guidelines for the definition and interpretation of cell death from morphological, biochemical, and functional perspectives. Since the field continues to expand and novel mechanisms that orchestrate multiple cell death pathways are unveiled, we propose an updated classification of cell death subroutines focusing on mechanistic and essential (as opposed to correlative and dispensable) aspects of the process. As we provide molecularly oriented definitions of terms including intrinsic apoptosis, extrinsic apoptosis, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)-driven necrosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, pyroptosis, parthanatos, entotic cell death, NETotic cell death, lysosome-dependent cell death, autophagy-dependent cell death, immunogenic cell death, cellular senescence, and mitotic catastrophe, we discuss the utility of neologisms that refer to highly specialized instances of these processes. The mission of the NCCD is to provide a widely accepted nomenclature on cell death in support of the continued development of the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-541
Number of pages56
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Galluzzi, L., Vitale, I., Aaronson, S. A., Abrams, J. M., Adam, D., Agostinis, P., Alnemri, E. S., Altucci, L., Amelio, I., Andrews, D. W., Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, M., Antonov, A. V., Arama, E., Baehrecke, E. H., Barlev, N. A., Bazan, N. G., Bernassola, F., Bertrand, M. J. M., Bianchi, K., ... Kroemer, G. (2018). Molecular mechanisms of cell death: Recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death 2018. Cell Death and Differentiation, 25(3), 486-541. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41418-017-0012-4