Molecular Signatures of Chromosomal Instability Correlate With Copy Number Variation Patterns and Patient Outcome in IDH-Mutant and IDH-Wildtype Astrocytomas

Timothy E. Richardson, Adwait Amod Sathe, Chao Xing, Kanish Mirchia, Mariano S. Viapiano, Matija Snuderl, Kalil G. Abdullah, Kimmo J. Hatanpaa, Jamie M. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chromosomal instability due to mutations in genes guarding the stability of the genome is a well-known mechanism underlying tumorigenesis and malignant progression in numerous cancers. The effect of this process in gliomas is mostly unknown with relatively little research examining the effects of chromosomal instability on patient outcome and therapeutic efficacy, although studies have shown that overall/total copy number variation (CNV) is elevated in higher histologic grades and in cases with more rapid progression and shorter patient survival. Herein, we examine a 70-gene mRNA expression signature (CIN70), which has been previously shown to correlate tightly with chromosomal instability, in 2 independent cohorts of IDH-mutant astrocytomas (total n = 241), IDH-wildtype astrocytomas (n = 228), and oligodendrogliomas (n = 128). Our results show that CIN70 expression levels correlate with total CNV, as well as higher grade, progression-free survival, and overall survival in both IDH-mutant and IDH-wildtype astrocytomas. In oligodendrogliomas, these mRNA signatures correlate with total CNV but not consistently with clinical outcome. These data suggest that chromosomal instability is an underlying factor in aggressive behavior and progression of a subset of diffuse astrocytomas. In addition, chromosomal instability may in part explain the poor response of diffuse gliomas to treatment and may serve as a future therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-365
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume80
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2021

Keywords

  • Astrocytoma
  • Chromosomal instability
  • Copy number variation
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • IDH-mutation
  • Oligodendroglioma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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