MORC family ATPases required for heterochromatin condensation and gene silencing

Guillaume Moissiard, Shawn J. Cokus, Joshua Cary, Suhua Feng, Allison C. Billi, Hume Stroud, Dylan Husmann, Ye Zhan, Bryan R. Lajoie, Rachel Patton McCord, Christopher J. Hale, Wei Feng, Scott D. Michaels, Alison R. Frand, Matteo Pellegrini, Job Dekker, John K. Kim, Steven E. Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transposable elements (TEs) and DNA repeats are commonly targeted by DNA and histone methylation to achieve epigenetic gene silencing. We isolated mutations in two Arabidopsis genes, AtMORC1 and AtMORC6, which cause derepression of DNA-methylated genes and TEs but no losses of DNA or histone methylation. AtMORC1 and AtMORC6 are members of the conserved Microrchidia (MORC) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) family, which are predicted to catalyze alterations in chromosome superstructure. The atmorc1 and atmorc6 mutants show decondensation of pericentromeric heterochromatin, increased interaction of pericentromeric regions with the rest of the genome, and transcriptional defects that are largely restricted to loci residing in pericentromeric regions. Knockdown of the single MORC homolog in Caenorhabditis elegans also impairs transgene silencing. We propose that the MORC ATPases are conserved regulators of gene silencing in eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1448-1451
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume336
Issue number6087
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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