More accurate identification of reversible ischemic injury in human stroke by cerebrospinal fluid suppressed diffusion-weighted imaging

Julie L. Bykowski, Lawrence L. Latour, Steven Warach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose - The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI has been used to differentiate reversible from irreversible ischemic injury. However, the ADC can be falsely elevated by partial volume averaging of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with parenchyma, limiting the accuracy of this approach. This study tested the hypothesis that the accuracy of differentiating reversible from irreversible ischemic injury could be improved by CSF suppression at image acquisition. Methods - Sixteen patients presenting within 6 hours from symptoms, and having partial reversal of the acute lesion on DWI were studied using conventional CSF-suppressed DWI. Lesions were segmented from coregistered acute DWI and follow-up fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) series. The segmented volumes were applied to conventional (ADCc) and CSF-suppressed ADC (ADCFLIPD) maps to classify each voxel as progressed to infarct or reversed. Individual voxel ADC values were pooled across all patients. Sensitivity to predict reversal, specificity, and accuracy were calculated for both methods. Results - A total of 25 313 voxels were classified as progressed and 31 952 voxels reversed. Across all lesion voxels, ADCFLIPD values more accurately depicted tissue fate compared with ADCc values (P<0.0001). The largest difference in the two methods was in voxels with <75% parenchyma, where the accuracy of ADCc was only 50% compared with 62% for ADCFLIPD. Conclusion - CSF-suppressed ADC measurements gave a more accurate identification of reversible ischemic injury in this sample. We predict that multimodal MRI models of tissue viability in ischemic stroke will be more accurate if CSF-suppressed ADC measurements are used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1100-1106
Number of pages7
JournalStroke
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2004

Keywords

  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Stroke, acute

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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