More is less: The advantages of performing concurrent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for pediatric choledocholithiasis

Kristin M. Gee, Ruth Ellen Jones, Cameron Casson, Bradley Barth, David Troendle, Alana L. Beres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) are standard of care for pediatric choledocholithiasis. Patients typically undergo separate procedures during hospitalization. Collaboration between surgical and gastroenterology services led to performance of both procedures concurrently during one anesthetic. We hypothesized that concurrent procedures would reduce costs without increasing complications as compared with separate procedures. Materials and Methods: We evaluated patients admitted to our institution from 2013 to 2018 with choledocholithiasis who underwent both ERCP and LC during the same admission. Fourteen patients underwent both procedures during concurrent anesthetic. Forty-two patients who underwent LC and ERCP under separate anesthetics were randomly selected to perform a 3:1 matched case-control study. Demographic and clinical data were collected, including imaging and laboratory findings, outcomes, and costs. Comparative analysis was completed with Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney U tests. Results: On presentation, there was no difference in common bile duct size, total bilirubin, or white blood cell count between the concurrent and separate procedure cohorts. Significantly, there was no difference in total length of anesthesia (117.9 ± 40 minutes versus 119.6 ± 52 minutes, P = .747). There were also no differences in complications, emergency department visits, or readmissions. Patients who underwent concurrent procedures had significantly lower total cost of stay ($45,597 ± 11,513 versus $61,008 ± 17,960, P = .006). Conclusions: In pediatric patients with choledocholithiasis, performing LC and ERCP may be performed concurrently during one anesthetic, which decreases costs without increasing in anesthesia time or complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1481-1485
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Volume29
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • choledocholithiasis
  • concurrent
  • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • outcomes
  • single anesthetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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