Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Thwe Htay, Kyaw K Soe, Arianna Lopez-Perez, Amy Hoang Anh Doan, Michael A. Romagosa, Ko Ko Aung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The aims of this review are to summarize recent data on mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 1 and type 2 diabetes and to determine the interventions that could have contributed to a reduction in mortality. Recent Findings: Recent studies found a downward trend in mortality and CVD among both diabetics and non-diabetics worldwide over the last few decades. The decline among diabetics is steeper than that among non-diabetics. Despite a parallel trend of decline, an approximately twofold difference in mortality and CVD between the two populations remains. Summary: A greater emphasis on glycemic control, management of cardiovascular risk factors, quality improvement programs, and advances in treatment of conditions associated diabetes are the factors that potentially contributed to the improvement. Although the trend is encouraging, a rising prevalence of diabetes will continue the absolute disease burden to the society. Future interventions should focus on prevention of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Diabetes mellitus, type 1
  • Diabetes mellitus, type 2
  • Mortality
  • Trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Htay, T., Soe, K. K., Lopez-Perez, A., Doan, A. H. A., Romagosa, M. A., & Aung, K. K. (2019). Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. Current Cardiology Reports, 21(6), [45]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-019-1133-9