Movement disorder emergencies of the aerodigestive tract are dramatic and often life threatening. With appropriate, timely evaluation and intervention, most patients can be effectively managed and major morbidity avoided. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of both the causes and appropriate treatment of breathing disturbances secondary to primary disorders and iatrogenic causes, as well as swallowing emergencies. Additionally, basic physiology, anatomy, and various methods for assessment of the upper aerodigestive tract are provided for review. Specific disorders that are addressed include: spasmodic dysphonia, adductor laryngeal breathing dystonia, Shy-Drager abductor weakness, drug-induced tardive dystonia, oromandibulolingual dystonia, multiple system atrophy, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and palatal myoclonus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Movement Disorder Emergencies|
|Subtitle of host publication||Diagnosis and Treatment: Second Edition|
|Publisher||Humana Press Inc.|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas