MR imaging of hepatocellular carcinoma

Gaurav Khatri, Laura Merrick, Frank H. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignancy typically associated with chronic liver disease and is a leading cause of mortality among these patients. Prognosis is improved when detected early. MRI is the best imaging examination for accurate diagnosis. Although arterial enhancement with delayed washout, increased T2-weighted signal intensity, delayed capsular enhancement, restricted diffusion, and tumor thrombus are typical features, not all lesions demonstrate these findings. The radiologist must be familiar with these typical imaging characteristics, and less common appearances and associated findings of HCC, and must be able to differentiate them from those of lesions that mimic HCC. Knowledge of therapeutic options and how those are related to imaging findings is imperative to assist clinicians in managing these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-450
Number of pages30
JournalMagnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010

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Keywords

  • HCC
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • MRI
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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