Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in evaluation of various aspects of myocardial infarction (MI). MR imaging is useful in establishing the diagnosis of acute MI, particularly in patients who present with symptoms of MI but outside the diagnostic time frame of altered cardiac enzyme levels or with clinical features of acute MI but without an angiographic culprit lesion. MR imaging is valuable in establishing a diagnosis of chronic MI and distinguishing this condition from nonischemic cardiomyopathies, mainly through use of delayed-enhancement patterns. MR imaging also provides clinicians with several prognostic indicators that enable risk stratification, such as scar burden, microvascular obstruction, hemorrhage, and peri-infarct ischemia. The extent and transmurality of scar burden have been shown to have independent and incremental prognostic power over a range of left ventricular function. The extent of scarring at MR imaging is an important predictor of successful outcome after revascularization procedures, and extensive scarring in the lateral wall indicates poor outcome after cardiac resynchronization therapy. Scar size at MR imaging is also a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials. Finally, MR imaging can be used to detect complications of MI, such as aneurysms, pericarditis, ventricular septal defect, thrombus, and mitral regurgitation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging