PURPOSE: Methylation of the O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter results in epigenetic silencing of the MGMT enzyme and confers an improved prognosis and treatment response in gliomas. The purpose of this study was to develop a deep-learning network for determining the methylation status of the MGMT Promoter in gliomas using T2-w magnetic resonance images only. METHODS: Brain MRI and corresponding genomic information were obtained for 247 subjects from The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). 163 subjects had a methylated MGMT promoter. A T2-w image only network (MGMT-net) was developed to determine MGMT promoter methylation status and simultaneous single label tumor segmentation. The network was trained using 3D-Dense-UNets. Three-fold cross-validation was performed to generalize the networks’ performance. Dice-scores were computed to determine tumor segmentation accuracy. RESULTS: MGMT-net demonstrated a mean cross validation accuracy of 94.73% across the 3 folds (95.12%, 93.98%, and 95.12%, standard dev=0.66) in predicting MGMT methylation status with a sensitivity and specificity of 96.31% ±0.04 and 91.66% ±2.06, respectively and a mean AUC of 0.93 ±0.01. The whole tumor segmentation mean Dice-score was 0.82 ± 0.008. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate high classification accuracy in predicting the methylation status of the MGMT promoter using only T2-w MR images that surpasses the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of invasive histological methods such as pyrosequencing, methylation-specific PCR, and immunofluorescence methods. This represents an important milestone toward using MRI to predict glioma histology, prognosis, and response to treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)