MRP8/14 induces autophagy to eliminate intracellular Mycobacterium bovis BCG

Jinli Wang, Chunyu Huang, Minhao Wu, Qiu Zhong, Kun Yang, Miao Li, Xiaoxia Zhan, Jinsheng Wen, Lin Zhou, Xi Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To explore the role of myeloid-related protein 8/14 in mycobacterial infection. Methods: The mRNA and protein expression levels of MRP8 or MRP14 were measured by real-time PCR and flow cytometry, respectively. Role of MRP8/14 was tested by overexpression or RNA interference assays. Flow cytometry and colony forming unit were used to test the phagocytosis and the survival of intracellular Mycobacterium bovis BCG (BCG), respectively. Autophagy mediated by MRP8/14 was detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. The colocalization of BCG phagosomes with autophagosomes or lysosomes was by detected by confocal microscopy. ROS production was detected by flow cytometry. Results: MRP8/14 expressions were up-regulated in human monocytic THP1 cells and primary macrophages after mycobacterial challenge. Silencing of MRP8/14 suppressed bacterial killing, but had no influence on the phagocytosis of BCG. Importantly, silencing MRP8/14 decreased autophagy and BCG phagosome maturation in THP1-derived macrophages, thereby increasing the BCG survival. Additionally, we demonstrated that MRP8/14 promoted autophagy in a ROS-dependent manner. Conclusions: The present study revealed a novel role of MRP8/14 in the autophagy-mediated elimination of intracellular BCG by promoting ROS generation, which may provide a promising therapeutic target for tuberculosis and other intracellular bacterial infectious diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-426
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Infection
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Bacterial killing
  • Mycobacterium bovis BCG
  • Myeloid-related protein 8/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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