MSL Complex Is Attracted to Genes Marked by H3K36 Trimethylation Using a Sequence-Independent Mechanism

Erica Larschan, Artyom A. Alekseyenko, Andrey A. Gortchakov, Shouyong Peng, Bing Li, Pok Yang, Jerry L. Workman, Peter J. Park, Mitzi I. Kuroda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Drosophila, X chromosome dosage compensation requires the male-specific lethal (MSL) complex, which associates with actively transcribed genes on the single male X chromosome to upregulate transcription ∼2-fold. We found that on the male X chromosome, or when MSL complex is ectopically localized to an autosome, histone H3K36 trimethylation (H3K36me3) is a strong predictor of MSL binding. We isolated mutants lacking Set2, the H3K36me3 methyltransferase, and found that Set2 is an essential gene in both sexes of Drosophila. In set2 mutant males, MSL complex maintains X specificity but exhibits reduced binding to target genes. Furthermore, recombinant MSL3 protein preferentially binds nucleosomes marked by H3K36me3 in vitro. Our results support a model in which MSL complex uses high-affinity sites to initially recognize the X chromosome and then associates with many of its targets through sequence-independent features of transcribed genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-133
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular cell
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2007

Keywords

  • DEVBIO
  • DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Larschan, E., Alekseyenko, A. A., Gortchakov, A. A., Peng, S., Li, B., Yang, P., Workman, J. L., Park, P. J., & Kuroda, M. I. (2007). MSL Complex Is Attracted to Genes Marked by H3K36 Trimethylation Using a Sequence-Independent Mechanism. Molecular cell, 28(1), 121-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2007.08.011