Multi-institutional analysis of renal function outcomes following radical nephroureterectomy and partial ureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma

Nirmish Singla, Bishoy A. Gayed, Aditya Bagrodia, Laura Maria Krabbe, Kerrin L. Palazzi, Hossein Mirheydar, Brian Harrow, Corbin Jacobs, Ramy Youssef, Oussama Darwish, Arthur I Sagalowsky, Yair Lotan, Ithaar Derweesh, Vitaly Margulis

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To compare renal function outcomes in patients undergoing radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) or partial (distal) ureterectomy (PU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). Methods: Clinicopathologic data of patients undergoing RNU or PU for UTUC from 1998 to 2012 were compiled. Glomerular filtration rate was calculated preoperatively and postoperatively using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. We defined "event" as new-onset stage III chronic kidney disease (CKD) or worsening of CKD stage with preexisting CKD. Event-free survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier methods. Cox regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of events. Results: In total, 193 patients underwent RNU (. n = 143) or PU (. n = 50) over a median follow-up of 25.9 months. Overall, 15% of patients died of UTUC. High tumor grade (85.9% vs. 66.0%, P = 0.003) and locally advanced stage (>pT2, 37.8% vs. 18.0%, P = 0.014) were significantly more frequent in the RNU cohort. Stage III or higher CKD was present in 61% of RNU patients vs. 48% of PU patients (. P = 0.135) at baseline. Although total event rate was higher in the PU cohort (66% vs. 43.4%, P = 0.008), event rates within the first 3 months of surgery were similar between the groups (. P = 0.572). Adjuvant chemotherapy was the only predictor of events on Cox regression. Conclusions: Rates of new-onset CKD or worsening of CKD stage were similar in patients treated with RNU and PU. Adjuvant chemotherapy may have a more significant effect on renal outcomes than surgical approach, warranting further investigation. Consideration should be given to preoperative chemotherapy, as adjuvant chemotherapy is limited by decreased renal function following surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268.e1-268.e7
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Partial ureterectomy
  • Radical nephroureterectomy
  • Renal function
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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