Objective: Accurately classifying the malignancy of lesions detected in a screening scan is critical for reducing false positives. Radiomics holds great potential to differentiate malignant from benign tumors by extracting and analyzing a large number of quantitative image features. Since not all radiomic features contribute to an effective classifying model, selecting an optimal feature subset is critical. Methods: This work proposes a new multi-objective based feature selection (MO-FS) algorithm that considers sensitivity and specificity simultaneously as the objective functions during feature selection. For MO-FS, we developed a modified entropy based termination criterion (METC) that stops the algorithm automatically rather than relying on a preset number of generations. We also designed a solution selection methodology for multi-objective learning that uses the evidential reasoning approach (SMOLER) to automatically select the optimal solution from the Pareto-optimal set. Furthermore, we developed an adaptive mutation operation to generate the mutation probability in MO-FS automatically. Results: We evaluated the MO-FS for classifying lung nodule malignancy in low-dose CT and breast lesion malignancy in digital breast tomosynthesis. Conclusion: The experimental results demonstrated that the feature set selected by MO-FS achieved better classification performance than features selected by other commonly used methods. Significance: The proposed method is general and more effective radiomic feature selection strategy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jul 9 2018|
- Evidential reasoning
- Feature selection
- Lesion malignancy classification
- Multi-objective evolutionary algorithm
ASJC Scopus subject areas