Purpose To evaluate the role of multimodality imaging tools for intraprocedural guidance and outcome evaluation during sclerotherapy of low-flow orbital vascular malformations. Materials and Methods A retrospective review was performed of 17 consecutive patients with low-flow orbital malformations (14 lymphatic, two venous, and one venolymphatic) who underwent multimodality image-guided sclerotherapy between November 2012 and May 2015. Sclerotherapy technique, image guidance tools, and complications were recorded. Sclerotherapy outcome was evaluated using clinical response, magnetic resonance (MR) image-based lesion volumetry, and proptosis quantification. Results There were 22 sclerotherapy sessions performed. Intraprocedural ultrasound (US), fluoroscopy, cone-beam computed tomography (CT) and MR image fusion were used for image guidance with 100% technical success. Resolution of presenting symptoms was observed in all patients at 1-month follow-up. Four major sclerotherapy complications were successfully managed. Statistically significant reduction in lesion volume (P =.001) and proptosis (P =.0117) by MR image analysis was achieved in all patients in whom 3-month follow-up MR imaging was available (n = 13/17). There was no lesion recurrence at a median follow-up of 18 months (range, 8-38 mo). Conclusions Multimodality imaging tools, including US, fluoroscopy, cone-beam CT, and MR fusion, during sclerotherapy of low-flow orbital malformations provide intraprocedural guidance and quantitative image-based evaluation of treatment outcome.
- Abbreviations DAP dose area product
- IOP intraocular pressure
- STS sodium tetradecyl sulfate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine