Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate: Technical aspects and role in clinical management

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The heterogeneity and largely indolent nature of prostate cancer require better tools to avoid overdetection of low-risk disease and improve diagnostic accuracy in high-risk patients. During the last 3 decades, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has evolved to become the most accurate imaging technique for prostate cancer detection and staging, with a promising role in risk stratification. Because each MRI technique has advantages and limitations, state of the art of the so-called multiparametric MRI of the prostate is achieved combining anatomical T2-weighted imaging integrated with other techniques in which image contrast is related to the pathophysiology of the disease, such as diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging, and MR spectroscopy. After reviewing this article, readers will understand the clinical challenges in the management of patients with confirmed or suspected prostate cancer, when and how multiparametric MRI of the prostate can provide meaningful information, and how to perform and interpret it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-257
Number of pages15
JournalTopics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • MRI
  • diagnosis
  • prostate cancer
  • risk stratification
  • staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate: Technical aspects and role in clinical management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this