Rationale and Objectives: To compare quantitative multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) data of symptomatic uterine fibroids being considered for MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation with fibroid characterization based on the Funaki Classification scheme. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, Institutional Review Board -approved, Health Insurance Portability, and Accountability Act-compliant study. Informed consent was obtained. From December 2013 to April 2015, 48 women with symptomatic fibroids underwent screening with mpMRI protocol including sagittal/axial T2-weighted fast spin-echo, sagittal diffusion-weighted, and sagittal dynamic contrast-enhanced 3D T1-weighted gradient echo imaging on a 3T magnet. All fibroids were assigned Funaki type 1, 2, or 3 based on T2-weighted imaging. Differences in size, perfusion, and diffusion/intravoxel incoherent motion parameters among the three Funaki types were determined using linear mixed model. A logistic regression analysis was performed to select the best model in predicting type 3 fibroids. Results: A total of 100 fibroids were assessed (20 type 1, 66 type 2, and 14 type 3). Apparent diffusion coefficient and D of type 3 fibroids were significantly higher than those of type 1 (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001) and 2 fibroids (P = 0.004, P < 0.0001) respectively. Transfer constant of type 3 fibroids was significantly higher than type 1 (P = 0.0357), but not than type 2 (P = 0.0752). A cutoff value of D = 1 × 10 −3 mm 2 /s offers an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 76%, 71%, and 77%, respectively, for the diagnosis of Funaki 3 fibroids. Conclusion: mpMRI-derived quantitative parameters may enable a more objective selection of patients prior to MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging